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Massage has become an essential component of the new athletic regimen. It is held that massage can offer an additional edging to the athletes who take part in high-performance sports. Massage has now become a necessary ingredient for a complete workout. An absolute workout routine doesn’t include only the exercise but also include taking care of for the wear and tear and other minor injuries that occur naturally with strenuous movement. Sports massage is gradually becoming a popular form of treatment for soft tissue injuries. Apart from injuries, a regular sports massage is also being used as an injury prevention tactic.

Major benefits

The benefits of massage for someone who has suffered a sports injury are many. First, massage therapy approaches the body holistically; promoting relaxation, good circulation of the blood and lymphatic system, pain relief and general well-being. In this way, massage aids in the body's natural healing processes and eases the suffering of the patient. More specifically, therapeutic massage can be used in a variety of ways to treat the many injuries that can occur in an athletic session, whether they are muscular, structural or otherwise. The qualified massage therapist’s awareness of the body's anatomy and physiology, and his or her understanding of the nature of the particular injury are important tools for the proper treatment of athletic injuries with sports massage and other sports therapy techniques. For instance, a therapist may choose to combine massage with cryotherapy, stretching or taping in order to find the best combination of treatments for the injured individual.

Specific roles of sports injury massage

Sports injuries massage is largely an efficient way of dealing with the injuries that arise in the tearing down phase. A lot of approaches and tactics are applied to take care of a particular injury. People have acquired expertise on many sports injuries over the years.

Recovering from any injury might be a long and tiring process. While the main aim of physical rehabilitation is to increase strength and flexibility, the process is often limited to the injured body part being restored to its original state.

Massage is a main accompaniment to regular injury therapy measures. By encouraging circulatory movement and relaxing muscles, massage helps the body pump more oxygen and nutrients into tissues and vital organs. This allows the rehabilitating injured area to become more flexible and heal at an accelerated rate.

Massage has multi-fold benefits apart from the physical comfort it provides. It manifests its effects in three ways; namely physical, physiological and mental.

Massage helps maintain the body condition, prevent injuries, cure and restore mobility to injured muscle tissue, boost performance and extend the overall life of the sporting career. Increased tissue permeability - Deep massage causes the pores in tissue membranes to open, enabling fluids and nutrients to pass through. This helps remove waste products such as lactic acid and encourage the muscles to take up oxygen and nutrients which help them recover quicker.

Massage can stretch tissues that could not be stretched in the usual methods. Bundles of muscle fibers are stretched lengthwise as well as sideways. Massage can also stretch the sheath or fascia that surrounds the muscle, so releasing any pressure or tension build up. Break down scar tissue - Scar tissue is the result of previous injuries or trauma and can affect muscle, tendons and ligaments. Hard training can make tissues hard and inelastic. Massage helps turn this around by stretching the tissues. Massage same as exercise increases the blood flow to tissues. Massage opens or dilates the blood vessels and by stretching them, this enables nutrients to pass through more easily.

As for the Physiological effects, massage helps in pain reduction. Tension and waste products in muscles often cause pain. Massage helps reduce this in many ways including releasing the endorphins. Muscles relax through heat generated, circulation and stretching. Mechanoreceptors which sense touch, pressure, tissue length and warmth are stimulated causing a reflex relaxation. For psychological effects; massage helps with anxiety reduction through relaxation.

Several techniques are applied in an effective massage for sports injuries depending on the type of injury. The rhythmic compression of muscle groups is used in the creation of deep hyperemia. It also has the effect of softening the tissues and is used in warming the body up for a deeper massage. Friction techniques are also used which can broaden and stretch larger muscle groups. These techniques are also used on connective tissue. The application of deep transverse friction helps improve the healing process in the muscles as well as connective tissue.

Trigger point pressure is relieved through thumb or finger pressure techniques. These techniques are effective for the reduction of hypersensitivity, pain and muscle spasms that are experienced at trigger points. This can help prevent a future injury because it will prevent the athlete from instinctively favoring one limb over the other due to painful trigger points, and from other knee-jerk reactions while on the field or track. Massage allows athletes to heal faster from injuries by improving circulation to the injured area. Massage also increases flexibility and the range of motion of athletes, reducing the occurrence of injuries.


Rehabilitating any injury can be a tiring and frustrating process. While the main goal of physical rehabilitation is to increase strength and flexibility, it often ends before the area has been returned to its full pre-injury state.

Massage plays an important role as a supplement to standard injury rehabilitation procedures. By encouraging circulatory movement and relaxing muscles, massage helps the body pump more oxygen and nutrients into tissues and vital organs. This allows the rehabilitating injured area to become more flexible and heal at an accelerated rate.






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